The Philippines was ruled under the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain. After this, the colony was directly governed by Spain. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain’s defeat in the Spanish–American War. The Philippines then became a territory of the United States.
Who owned the Philippines first?
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas.
Did the US ever own the Philippines?
The history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946 began with the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, when the Philippines was still a colony of the Spanish East Indies, and concluded when the United States formally recognized the independence of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946.
Who colonized the Philippines in order?
The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for the Spanish Empire. The period lasted until the Philippine Revolution in 1898.
Who owned Philippines before independence?
For three years the Philippines was in the hands of the Japanese, who set up a military administration. Wanting to win Filipino loyalty, the Japanese declared the Philippines independent in 1943, ahead of the US promise.
Is the Philippines a US territory?
The resulting legislation—the Philippine Organic Act of 1902—made the Philippines into an American protectorate as an “unorganized” territory.
What was Philippines called before?
A Spanish explorer first named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas (Philippine Islands) in honor of Spain’s King Philip II. Spain ruled the Philippines for three centuries, then the U.S. occupied it for 48 years.
Why did US give up Philippines?
In the U.S., there was a movement for Philippine independence; some said that the U.S. had no right to a land where many of the people wanted self-government. In 1898 Andrew Carnegie, an industrialist and steel magnate, offered to pay the U.S. government $20 million to give the Philippines its independence.
Why did US want the Philippines?
Americans who advocated annexation evinced a variety of motivations: desire for commercial opportunities in Asia, concern that the Filipinos were incapable of self-rule, and fear that if the United States did not take control of the islands, another power (such as Germany or Japan) might do so.
Are Philippines US citizens?
Past U.S. Nationals
However, presently, those who are born in Guam, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands are full U.S. citizens, and the Philippines is an independent country and citizenship was never accorded to them.
Who discover the Philippines?
The Philippines are named after King Philip II (1527-1598) of Spain. The country was discovered by the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 (while in Spanish service). Later tension arose between Portugal and Spain and in 1542 Spain re-claimed the islands for themselves, naming them after its then king.
Who colonized the Philippines for 333 years?
Spanish presence in the Philippines comprises 333 years of Spanish rule, from 1565 (the conquest of Cebu and Manila, with the latter’s designation as the principal seat of the Spanish domain in the archipelago) and 1898 (with the end of the Philippine Revolution and the cession by Spain of the Philippines to the United …
Did Japan colonize the Philippines?
Japan occupied the Philippines for over three years, until the surrender of Japan. A highly effective guerilla campaign by Philippine resistance forces controlled sixty percent of the islands, mostly jungle and mountain areas.
What if Philippines became a US state?
For the Philippines to have become a state of the United States, it would be a territory first, like Hawaii and Alaska. These two states were US territories before the Philippines became a colony. Thus the Philippines would have likely become a state after 1959, then those two achieved.
When was Philippines founded?
On January 23, 1899, two months before turning 30, Aguinaldo was proclaimed the first president of the Republic of the Philippines, and he convened the Philippine Congress which ratified the country’s Constitution. … He was executed by the revolutionary government under Emilio Aguinaldo.