What is form in Indonesian music?

1. Gamelan. It is the most popular and widely spread form of music in Indonesia. The word Gamelan comes from Javanese which means mallet or hammer and is a musical form which is performed with the help of 50-80 instrument orchestra.

What is the form of gamelan music of Indonesia?

Gamelan, the term for a traditional musical ensemble in Indonesia, typically refers to a percussion orchestra composed predominantly of tuned gongs of various types and metal-keyed instruments. The ensemble is conducted by a drummer, and often includes voice, bamboo flute, xylophone, and stringed instruments.

How will you describe Indonesian music?

The gamelan is the main element of traditional Indonesian music. The instruments in a gamelan are composed of sets of tuned bronze gongs, gong-chimes, metallophones, drums, one or more flute, bowed and plucked string instruments, and sometimes singers. … The most popular gamelan can be found in Java, and Bali.

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What is the unique style of Indonesian music?

Gamelans are unique to Java, Bali and Lombok. They are associated with court music and often accompany Indonesia’s favorite traditional form of entertainment: shadow puppet plays. They are also played at special ceremonies, weddings and other major events.

What is the melody of Indonesian music?

The main, or skeletal, melody, called balungan, is generally played by instruments made up of tuned metal bars. These are the saron family and the slenthem. The panerusan,or elaborating instruments, play variations on the balungan, or melody.

What is the four major influences of Indonesia in music?

Indonesian pop music today, known simply as “pop Indonesia” is heavily influenced by trends and recordings from America, Britain, Japan, and Korea.

What is Indonesian gamelan ensemble?

A gamelan is an orchestra made up of a set of instruments from Java and Bali, Indonesia. … The next set of instruments is the elaborating instruments. These instruments take the main melody and enhance it with patterns (cengkok) based on the notes played by the balungan.

What are two basic kinds of Indonesian music scale?

SLENDRO •Slendro (called Salendro by the Sundanese) is the older of the two most common scales used in Indonesian Gamelan scale. 6. PELOG Pelog is one of the two essential scales of Gamelan.

What is the rhythm of Indonesian music?

Colotomy is an Indonesian description of the rhythmic and metric patterns of gamelan music. It refers to the use of specific instruments to mark off nested time intervals, or the process of dividing rhythmic time into such nested cycles.

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What does Burung kakatua means in English?

Burung Kakatua is a folk song from Indonesia about the cockatoo (kakatua) and the village grandmother who listens to it sing. The book is illustrated with photographs of three-dimensional compositions formed of clay.

What is most popular form of music in Indonesia?

The most popular and famous form of Indonesian music is gamelan, an ensemble of tuned percussion instruments that include metallophone drums, gongs and spike fiddles along with bamboo flutes. Similar ensembles are prevalent throughout Indonesia and Malaysia, but gamelan is from Java, Bali and Lombok.

What is the function of Indonesian music?

The functions of gamelan

Javanese gamelan does have its religious purposes as well, as an accompaniment during religious ceremonies. It has also been used as a form of entertainment performed for the amusement of the royal family, as well as accompanying the wayang puppet shows.

Why do we need to value Indonesian music?

Local music in Indonesia is still simple and thick with religion and cultural aspects. Therefore, traditional music is a hallmark of wealth in Indonesia that is rich heritage functions as a medium for religion rituals, entertainment, medium of self-expression, and communication.

What is an Indonesian term of tempo?

Irama is the term used for tempo in Indonesian gamelan in Java and Bali. It can be used with elaborating instruments.

What do you call the five tone scale in Indonesian music?

slendro, Javanese and Balinese five-toned musical scale system.

What is the melody of Thai music?

Thai music in its horizontal complex is made up of a main melody played simultaneously with variants of it which progress in relatively slower and faster rhythmic units.” (ibid, p. 21) This is known as heterophony or polyphonic stratification: instrumentalists improvise idiomatically around the central melody.

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