Raffles, then the Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen (now Bengkulu) in Sumatra, landed in Singapore on 29 January 1819. Recognising the immense potential of the swamp-covered island, he helped negotiate a treaty with the local rulers and established Singapore as a trading station.
How did Singapore became a trading post?
Singapore’s excellent location along the Maritime Silk Road meant it was easy for traders to stop by with goods. When Singapore was set up as a free port in 1819, it allowed goods to be traded freely without anyone having to pay heavy fees.
Why was Singapore chosen as a trading port?
The choice of Singapore was the result of the initiative and foresight of Stamford Raffles, who saw in Singapore a base to protect the China trade in times of war and to outflank the Dutch at Malacca.
Why did the British establish a trading post in Singapore?
The landing was the result of Raffles’s mission to establish a new British settlement south of Malacca in order to protect the British trade route to the East and to thwart the growing Dutch influence in the region.
How is Singapore connected to the world as a trading port?
By anchoring key shipping lines and alliances that ply the main shipping route from Asia to Europe, and establishing a strong complementary feeder network to smaller ports in the region, Singapore has built up a reliable and densely connected network.
When did Singapore become independent?
The country’s economic infrastructure was developed, racial tension was eliminated and an independent national defence system was created. Singapore evolved from a dying nation to first world status towards the end of the 20th century. In 1990, Goh Chok Tong succeeded Lee as Prime Minister.
Why did Singapore get kicked out of Malaysia?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
How did Raffles set up a trading settlement in Singapore?
In 1822, Raffles assigned Lieutenant Philip Jackson to build a bridge across the Singapore River. … 6 Feb 1819: Signs a treaty with Sultan Hussein Shah and Temenggong Abdul Rahman, establishing Singapore as a British settlement.
Who made Singapore a free port?
Most of the Bugis sea traders migrated to Macassar after the Dutch made it a free port in 1847, and by 1860 the Bugis population of Singapore had declined to less than 1,000.
What is Singapore old name?
Temasek. Most Singaporeans would identify the earliest name of Singapore as Temasek, deriving from the Malay word for lake ‘Tasek’ because that is part of the history lessons taught in school. This old Javanese name, Temasek, hails from the 13th century and translates as Sea Town.
How did William Farquhar contribute to Singapore?
He managed to attract traders, settlers and supplies to Singapore, and administered the settlement on a shoestring budget. To raise revenue for the settlement, he took pragmatic measures such as allowing gambling dens and auctioning monopoly rights to sell opium and spirits.
When did Singapore became a Crown Colony?
On 1 April 1946, the Straits Settlements was dissolved and Singapore became a Crown Colony with a civil administration headed by a Governor and separated from peninsular Malaya.
Why is Singapore’s port so busy?
The Port of Singapore holds the title of world’s busiest container port because it handles the largest amount of total shipping tonnage. It also tranships a fifth of the world’s shipping containers and half of the world’s annual supply of crude oil.
What did Singapore trade in the past?
Although primary commodities (crude rubber, nonferrous metals, and to a lesser extent palm and coconut oil) were still a factor in trading activities, machinery and transportation equipment dominated. Singapore also served as a back door to trade with Asian communist countries for third countries, such as Indonesia.
Who owns the Port of Singapore?
The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) owns and is responsible for the growth and development of the port. The port handled 37.2 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) of containers and 626.2 million tonnes of cargo in 2019.