Members are appointed by the president with the agreement of the House of Representatives. The precise authority of the Judicial Commission, however, was not agreed upon by the different branches of the legal system in Indonesia.
How are judges appointed in Indonesia?
The Indonesian Constitutional Court consists of 9 (nine) justices. 3 (three) of them are nominated by the President, the other 3 (three) are nominated by the Parliament and the remaining 3 (three) are nominated by the Supreme Court.
Who appoints judge?
The Chief Justice of India and the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President under clause (2) of Article 124 of the Constitution.
Who has judicial power in Indonesia?
The supreme court is highest judicial institution in Indonesia and constitutes the apex of this judicial organs vested with judicial power, as expressly stated in Article 24 of the 1945 Constitution.
How many judges are there in Indonesia?
About 50 justices sat in the Supreme Court while other high and lower courts across Indonesia employed around 7,000 judges. Officially, the Supreme Court consists of 51 justices divided into 8 chambers.
What kind of law is in Indonesia?
Indonesia implements a mixed legal system with the civil law system as the main legal system adopted from the Dutch colonial law. Indonesia also recognises the customary legal system (sistem hukum adat) and religious legal system (Islamic sharia law).
What does the judicial branch in Indonesia do?
Judges decide cases based on statutory law. If there is no applicable statutes, judges must apply unwritten law and decide cases with wisdom and full responsibility to God.
Who appoints a High Court Judge?
11. The Chief Justice and Judges of the High Courts are to be appointed by the President under clause (1) of Article 217 of the Constitution.
Who appoints the judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts?
The correct answer is ‘c’ as the President, on the advice of the Prime Minister and in consultation with the Chief Justice of India can appoint the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts.
Who is appointed as an adhoc Judge of the Supreme Court?
Only the persons who are qualified as to be appointed as Judge of the Supreme Court can be appointed as ad hoc judge of the Supreme Court.
How are laws decided in Indonesia?
The Indonesian House of Representatives has the power to make laws. Every bill is deliberated by the House, together with the President, for a joint approval. … When the bills are not signed at the latest 30 (thirty) days after they are approved and submitted to the President, they automatically become laws.
How corrupt is Indonesia?
Transparency International’s 2020 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 102th place out of 180 countries, dropped from 96 the previous year. There are two key areas in the public sector in which corruption in Indonesia can be found. These are the justice and civil service sectors.
How many lawyers are there in Indonesia?
According to the 2011 membership data of Indonesia’s only recognized bar association, Perhimpunan Advokat Indonesia (PERADI), the number of lawyers in Indonesia is 23.075, which is a very low number considering the size of Indonesia’s population (currently estimated at 249 million).
Does Indonesia have a Supreme Court?
In Indonesia’s judicial system the Supreme Court (Mahkamah Agung) in Jakarta is the final court of appeal; high courts, which are located in principal cities, deal with appeals from district courts.
Is Indonesia a civil law?
The Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia, England, America and other former British colonies).
How many high courts are there in Indonesia?
There are 25 High Courts in India. The Calcutta High Court, established in 1862, is the oldest High Court in India. The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year. The newest High Courts are the Telangana Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, both established in the year 2019.