What is the geography of the Philippines?
The Philippines is an archipelago, or string of over 7,100 islands, in southeastern Asia between the South China Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The two largest islands, Luzon and Mindanao, make up for two-thirds of the total land area. Only about one third of the islands are inhabited.
What was Philippines called before Spain?
Eventually the name “Las Islas Filipinas” would be used to cover the archipelago’s Spanish possessions. Before Spanish rule was established, other names such as Islas del Poniente (Islands of the West) and Magellan’s name for the islands, San Lázaro, were also used by the Spanish to refer to islands in the region.
What was the original name of the Philippines?
The Philippines were claimed in the name of Spain in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, who named the islands after King Philip II of Spain. They were then called Las Felipinas.
How many islands make up the Philippines?
The Philippines is an archipelago of more than 7,100 islands covering nearly 300,000 square kilometers. It is located between the South China Sea in the west and the Philippine Sea in the east. The two largest islands in the chain, Luzon and Mindanao, comprise about 65 percent of the country’s total landmass.
What is the capital of the Philippines?
Manila is the capital, but nearby Quezon City is the country’s most-populous city. Both are part of the National Capital Region (Metro Manila), located on Luzon, the largest island. The second largest island of the Philippines is Mindanao, in the southeast.
What are the 3 geographical areas in the Philippines?
The country can be grouped geographically into the three major islands groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. Accounting for 47 percent of the total land area, Luzon is the largest island group and is situated in the north.
Who owns the Philippines?
The Philippines was ruled under the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain. After this, the colony was directly governed by Spain. Spanish rule ended in 1898 with Spain’s defeat in the Spanish–American War. The Philippines then became a territory of the United States.
What is the name of Philippines in the Bible?
Ophir (/ˈoʊfər/; Hebrew: אוֹפִיר, Modern: ʼŌfīr, Tiberian: ʼŌp̄īr) is a port or region mentioned in the Bible, famous for its wealth.
Why is Philippines important to the world?
It is the natural gateway to the East Asian Economies, having one of the most active and resilient economies in the Asia-Pacific region. It is one of the largest archipelagos in the world having about 7,107 islands and islets divided into three major island groupings called Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
What is the oldest city in the Philippines?
Cebu City is the capital of Cebu Island Province, 365 miles south of Manila. Cebu has a population of 2.5 million and is the oldest city and the first capital of the Philippines.
What is the former capital of the Philippines?
Quezon City, chartered city and capital of the Philippines from 1948 to 1976. The city is located immediately northeast of Manila, in central Luzon. Named for President Manuel Luis Quezon, who selected the site (formerly a private estate) in 1939, it officially replaced Manila as the capital in 1948.
What is Philippines old flag?
It was in this skirmish that the Philippine flag was first unfurled as the revolutionary standard. Sewn in Hong Kong by Filipino expatriates and brought to the country by Aguinaldo, the flag was a tri-color featuring red and blue with a white triangle framing three yellow stars and an anthropomorphic eight-rayed sun.