The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
Is the Philippines a diverse country?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
Why does the Philippines harbor such diversity?
Why do the Philippines harbor such diversity? The answer lies in the islands’ geology. Entirely surrounded by tropical seas, the Philippines are separated from the Asian landmass by hundreds of miles of open water in most directions.
What makes Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?
Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot
It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.
How many biodiversity are there in the Philippines?
The country hosts more than 52,177 described species,of which more than half is found nowhere else in the world. On a per unit area basis, the Philippines probably harbors more diversity of life than any other country on the planet.
Why Philippines have a diverse culture?
By some measures, the country has more than 170 ethno-linguistic groups whose distinct cultural traditions are overlaid with influences from waves of Malay, Hindu, Arab, Spanish, Chinese and American migration, trade and conquest.
Why Philippine culture is diverse?
The Philippine archipelago is composed of 7,107 islands and some 80 major ethno-linguistic groups that make Philippine society a complex and diverse one. These groups practice distinct culture traditions and are further identified by their languages and dialects.
Is Filipino culture diverse?
The Philippine culture is very diverse, with over eighty groups native to the country. The Philippine nation consists of twenty ethnic states, each able in promoting its own languages and culture. By doing this the Philippines will be able to preserve and sustain its cultural diversity.
Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.
Why is the Philippines poor despite its abundant and diverse natural resources?
Aside from social, economic and political issues, environmental factors also contribute towards making the Philippines poor. Many rural Filipinos depend on the country’s extensive natural resources, particularly for the fishing and agricultural industries.
How can we promote biodiversity in the Philippines?
- Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
- Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
- Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.
What are the ecosystem in the Philippines?
The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines
|General Types (Higher Level)||Sub-types (Lower Level)|
|Freshwater Ecosystem||Lacustrine: Lakes and ponds Riverine: rivers, streams, creeks Palustrine: marshes|
|Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem||Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp|
What is importance biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What are the laws in the Philippines that protects the biodiversity?
Among the national laws are Republic Act 7586, or the National Integrated Protected Areas System (Nipas) Act; RA 9147, or the Wildlife Resources Protection and Conservation Act; RA 9072, or the National Cave and Cave Resources Mangement and Protection Act; Presidential Decree 705, or the Revised Forestry Code of the …