In 1540, the Portuguese Antonio de Faria was the first European to discover the Mekong. Although Europeans showed only some interest in the Mekong, the Spaniards and Portuguese did launch some missionary and trade expeditions to the area, and the Dutch led an expedition up the Mekong in 1641-42.
Where is Mekong River come from?
The Mekong River is one of the world’s great rivers. Covering a distance of nearly 5,000 km from its source on the Tibetan Plateau in China to the Mekong Delta, the river flows through six countries: China, Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, Cambodia and Viet Nam.
When was the Mekong River formed?
Granite samples collected from the Mekong River Valley reveal that the river’s path was incised roughly 17 million years ago, most likely by increased erosion from monsoon precipitation.
Who was the first European to cross the Mekong River?
One of the most daring explorers you have probably never heard of is Captain Ernest Doudard de Lagrée, who was the first European to fully traverse the mighty Mekong River up through the six countries it flows through (China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam).
Why is the Mekong River so important?
From its source in the Tibetan Plateau to its end in Vietnam, the Mekong River is a critical source of drinking water for the millions of people who live in its watershed.
Why is Mekong River called the Mother of Waters?
The Mekong River is called the “mother of waters” because it is such a tremendous resource for such a large number of people.
How was the Mekong delta formed?
The Vietnamese Mekong Delta was formed by rapid transgression during the second half of the Holocene by deposition of mainly unconsolidated, fine-grained (clayey) sediments undergoing high compaction rates.
Is Mekong River delta in Cambodia?
The Mekong River is the longest river in Southeast Asia. The river has a length of approximately 4,900 km, flowing from its source on the Tibetan Plateau in China through Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia and Viet Nam via a large delta into the sea.
Where does the Mekong River start and end?
The Mekong delta is situated in Cambodja and southern Vietnam, where the Mekong river reaches the South China Sea. The Mekong is one of the longest rivers in the world.
What river runs through Vietnam?
Originating in the icy headwaters of the Tibetan highlands, the Mekong River flows through the steep canyons of China, known as the upper basin, through lower basin countries Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, and Cambodia, before fanning across an expansive delta in Vietnam and emptying into the South China Sea.
Is the Mekong River saltwater or freshwater?
Species. The Mekong giant catfish can weigh up to 770 pounds and is the third largest freshwater fish on the planet. The Greater Mekong has no fewer than 20,000 species of plants, 1,200 bird species, 800 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 430 mammal species. Over 1300 new species have been catalogued since 1997.
What country contains a lot of dams along the Mekong River?
Eyes on Earth’s new data also shows that while an extreme drought persisted downstream, China’s section of the river, home to many of its massive dams, was wetter than usual. Eyes on Earth’s data shows the upper reaches of the Mekong Basin received above-normal amounts of water—nearly all of which was held back.
Can you drink the water from the Mekong River?
Our research has consistently shown that the quality of the water that people use in the Mekong Delta for drinking, cooking and cleaning is low, often much more so than the figures recorded for larger bodies of water.
How many countries does the Mekong River flow through?
About three-fourths of the drainage area of the Mekong lies within the four countries the river traverses on its lower course—Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam.
Which country controls the headwaters of the Mekong River?
China’s Control of the Mekong. Whether through its own dams or the financing and construction of dams in other countries, China is largely in the driver’s seat when it comes to the Mekong. In this March 22, 2016 photo, a Cambodian fisherman anchors their wooden boats on Mekong River bank near Phnom Penh, Cambodia.