Art. 122. Piracy in general and mutiny on the high seas. … The same penalty shall be inflicted in case of mutiny on the high seas.
What are the crimes against person in RPC?
The Revised Penal Code criminalizes a whole class of acts that are generally accepted as criminal, such as the taking of a life whether through murder or homicide, rape, robbery and theft, and treason.
What are the legal grounds for detaining a person?
The commission of a crime, or violent insanity or any other ailment requiring the compulsory confinement of the patient in a hospital, shall be considered legal grounds for detention of any person.
What is homicide under Revised Penal Code?
Homicide. – Any person who, not falling within the provisions of Article 246, shall kill another, without the attendance of any of the circumstances enumerated in the next preceding article, shall be deemed guilty of homicide and be punished by reclusion temporal.”
What are the circumstances which exempt from criminal liability?
Article 12. Circumstances which exempt from criminal liability. – The following are exempt from criminal liability: An imbecile or an insane person, unless the latter has acted during a lucid interval.
How long is Reglementary period?
The health officer shall examine the deceased and shall certify as to the cause of death and direct the registration of the death certificate to the Office of the Civil Registrar within the reglementary period of thirty (30) days.
What are the 4 examples of crime against a person?
Homicide, rape, assault and battery are all considered to be crimes against persons. These violent crimes have the potential to incur the heaviest punishment dealt out by the criminal law, up to and including the death penalty in this country for the most hateful offenses.
How long can you be detained without charges Philippines?
Article 7 Section 18 of the Constitution provides for a maximum of three days’ detention of a suspect without any charges being filed on two conditions: (1) The writ of habeas corpus has been suspended. (2) The case is rebellion or invasion and public safety requires detention of the suspect.
What is the difference between illegal detention and arbitrary detention?
Detention may be illegal without being arbitrary and vice-versa. Illegality simply means that the law has not be complied with, whereas arbitrary refers to the inappropriate, unjust, unforeseeable or disproportionate nature of the detention.
Who is liable for arbitrary detention?
Q: Who may be held liable for Arbitrary Detention? A: Only public officers or employees may be held liable for Arbitrary Detention. Q: How is Arbitrary Detention committed? A: There are three (3) ways by which public officers or employees may commit arbitrary detention.
What is piracy under Article 122?
122. Piracy in general and mutiny on the high seas. … Whenever the pirates have abandoned their victims without means of saving themselves; or. Whenever the crime is accompanied by murder, homicide, physical injuries or rape.
Is homicide bailable in the Philippines?
— Persons convicted of a crime punishable by death, as murder, are not bailable, as the law recognizes such right in a person accused of said crime, before conviction, only when the evidence of his guilt is not strong (Art. III, sec. 1, No. 16, of the Constitution of the Philippines).
What makes homicide a crime?
Criminal homicides involve either negligence or willful intent, and range from involuntary manslaughter (killing another motorist in a drunk driving accident, for example) to first-degree murder (stalking and killing a member of a rival gang, for instance).
What are circumstances affecting criminal liability?
Alternative circumstances are those which must be taken into consideration as aggravating or mitigating according to the nature and effects of the crime and the other conditions attending its commission. They are the relationship, intoxication and the degree of instruction and education of the offender.
What is a qualifying circumstance?
The words “attendant circumstances,” which still appear in Article 248 (raising homicide to murder), refer to qualifying circumstances -those aggravating circumstances that, by express provision of law, change the nature of the crime when present in the commission of the crime.
Who is not exempted from criminal liability?
Persons exempt from criminal liability. — No criminal, but only civil liability, shall result from the commission of the crime of theft, swindling or malicious mischief committed or caused mutually by the following persons: “1. Spouses, ascendants and descendants, or relatives by affinity in the same line.